Ur abstract till artikeln "Does Globalization Reduce Personal Violence? The Impact of International Trade on Cross-National Homicide Rates"
Supporters of the doux commerce (gentle commerce) thesis argue that increasing international trade decreases all types of violence, including homicide, by providing individuals with a rational interest in engaging peacefully with others, offering opportunities for cross border commerce and travel, and encouraging greater understanding of diverse cultures. By contrast, detractors argue that as globalization increases, inequality and poverty separate the economic well-being of highly industrialized core nations from that of developing peripheral nations and as this gap intensifies, it leads to crime increases. [...] We assemble a homicide database of 2145 observations over five decades, control for a wide range of alternative explanations, and test for an interaction between globalization and GDP. Consistent with the doux-commerce argument, we find that rising globalization has resulted in lower cross-national homicide rates during the past half century and that these declines are greatest for low GDP-high inequality countries.
Det roligaste (ok, bortsett från att handel tycks bidra till en mindre mordbenägen värld...) är att artikeln är publicerad i Social Forces, en 100 år gammal sociologi-tidskrift som inte direkt är känd för att sjunga den globala kapitalismens lov.
Social Forces publishes articles of interest to a general social science audience and emphasizes cutting-edge sociological inquiry as well as explores realms the discipline shares with psychology, anthropology, political science, history, and economics.
Källa: LaFree, Gary, och Bo Jiang. "Does Globalization Reduce Personal Violence? The Impact of International Trade on Cross-National Homicide Rates". Social Forces 102, nr 1 (01 september 2023): 353–76. https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/soac123