Senaste numret av Kyklos
innehåller flera särskilt intressanta artiklar. Här är en vars resultat inte är särskilt upplyftande för den så kallade kontakthypotesen:
Brunner, Beatrice, and Andreas Kuhn
. 2018. "Immigration, Cultural Distance and Natives’ Attitudes Towards Immigrants: Evidence from Swiss Voting Results." Kyklos 71(1): 28–58.
Det viktigaste ur abstract:
combine community-level outcomes of 27 votes about immigration issues in Switzerland with census data to estimate the effect of immigration on natives' attitudes towards immigrants.
categorize immigrants into two groups according to the cultural values and beliefs of their country of origin
find that the share of culturally different immigrants is a significant and sizable determinant of anti-immigration votes, while the presence of culturally similar immigrants does not affect natives' voting behavior at all
the share of right-wing votes in favor of the Swiss People's Party appears to be more elastic with respect to the share of culturally different immigrants than natives' attitudes themselves, suggesting that the party has gained a disproportionate vote share from attitudinal changes caused by immigrant inflows.
We document that trust has a positive impact on the generosity of welfare spending. Our analysis relies on a unique dataset including detailed budgetary data of more than 2,000 Italian municipalities. Compared with previous contributions based on cross-country data, our approach reduces the risk of omitted variable bias and measurement errors. Furthermore, drawing on Italy's rich political history, we are able to use an instrumental variables strategy that addresses the possible endogeneity of trust.
SUrvey med stöd för contact-hypothesis: Paluck et al 2018 (i pdf)
highlight [page 7]: ‘eory and evidence con?rm that complementarities between groups, in particular, boost support for cooperation across group lines (Alesina and La Ferrara 2005; Jedwab, Johnson, and Koyama 2017; Larson 2017).
A rare study of the legacy of tolerance is that conducted by Saumitra Jha (2013), who argues that economic complementarities between Hindus and Muslims in medieval South Asia support positive inter-ethnic relations through today
highlight [page 42]: Alesina, Alberto, and Eliana La Ferrara. 2005. "Ethnic Diversity and Economic Performance." Journal of Economic Literature 43:762–800.
highlight [page 43]: Barnhardt, Sharon. 2009. "Near and Dear? Evaluating the Impact of Neighbor Diversity on InterReligious A‹itudes
highlight [page 44]: Burns, Justine, Lucia Corno, and Eliana La Ferrara. 2015. "Interaction, Prejudice and Performance: Evidence from South Africa
highlight [page 46]: Eller, Anja, and Dominic Abrams. 2004. "Come Together: Longitudinal Comparisons of Pe‹igrew’s Reformulated Intergroup Contact Model and the Common Ingroup Identity Model in AngloFrench and Mexican-American Contexts." European Journal of Social Psychology 34 (3): 22956.
highlight [page 46]: Greif, Avner. 1996. "Cultural Beliefs and the Organization of Society." Journal of Political Economy 102 (5): 912–50.
highlight [page 47]: Jedwab, Remi, Noel D. Johnson, and Mark Koyama. 2017. "Negative Shocks and Mass Persecutions: Evidence from the Black Death."
highlight [page 48]: Larson, Jennifer M. 2017. "Networks and Interethnic Cooperation." Journal of Politics 79 (2).
highlight [page 48]: Levin, Shana, Cole‹e van Laar, and Jim Sidanius. 2003. "‘e E?ects of Ingroup and Outgroup Friendships on Ethnic A‹itudes in College: a Longitudinal Study." Group Processes & Intergroup Relations 6 (1): 76–92.
highlight [page 51]: Pe‹igrew, ‘omas F., and Linda R. Tropp. 2006. "A Meta-Analytic Test of Intergroup Contact ‘eory." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 90 (5): 751–83.
highlight [page 51]: Scacco, Alexandra, and Shana S. Warren. 2018. "Can Social Contact Reduce Prejudice and Discrim-