Generous to all or ‘insiders only’? The relationship between welfare state generosity and immigrant welfare rights
Two sharply contrasting accounts exist for the relationships between welfare generosity and immigrant social rights. The dualization hypothesis argues that due to fiscal pressures and welfare chauvinism, generous welfare states are more likely to exclude immigrants from access to welfare benefits. The generosity hypothesis argues that on the contrary, in generous welfare states, an immigrant will be granted greater access to benefits for material, institutional and cultural reasons. Using newly collected data from the Immigration Policies in Comparison (IMPIC) project that covers 18 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) states over 30 years (1980–2010) the two hypotheses are tested using pooled time series analyses.
[...] generous welfare states are more likely to grant immigrants access to welfare benefits, and less generous welfare states are more likely to exclude immigrants from access.
Kommentar: 'Insiders' i rubriken syftar alltså inte på arbetsmarknaden. Som jag själv beskrivit tycks länder med generösa välfärdssystem också ofta ha konkurrensbegränsande institutioner på arbetsmarknaden.
Römer, Friederike. 2017. "Generous to All or ‘Insiders Only’? The Relationship between Welfare State Generosity and Immigrant Welfare Rights." Journal of European Social Policy 27(2): 173–96. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0958928717696441 (April 30, 2019).