Den svenska etableringsreformen från 2010 beskrivs ofta som ett misslyckande, men faktum är att den utvärderats av forskare som hittade vissa tydliga effekter, i linje med reformens syfte:
From December 1, 2010 the reform transferred the responsibility for the integration of newly-arrived refugees from the municipalities to the government funded Public Employment Service through which those eligible should get establishment talks, individual plans and coaches. The Reform was motivated by concern over the low employment level and slow integration of refugees
In the second year after program-start the Treatment group had about 5.7 percent higher probability of employment and in the third year about 7.5 percent higher. The effects on earnings were larger, about 20 percent higher earnings for the Treatment group after the second year and about 22 percent higher after the third year.
Källa: Pernilla Andersson Joona, Alma W. Lanninger, Marianne Sundström, 2016. Reforming the Integration of Refugees: The Swedish Experience. IZA DP No. 10307: